Learn more about respiratory diseases


Chronic respiratory diseases represent one of the biggest global health problems affecting hundreds of millions of people of different ages, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

These health conditions, depending on their evolution, affect the quality of life of patients who live with them, causing in many cases the incapacity in individuals, which results in great social and economic impact.

Respiratory discomfort is usually common and in many respiratory diseases the symptoms may be similar, but the diseases have different causes and evolution.

In some cases, these diseases can manifest themselves in childhood and in others they manifest only in adult life, in any case, they require medical attention and follow-up with pulmonologists so that the conditions can be treated and medicated properly.

The most common diseases that affect the respiratory system are:

Rhinitis

An inflammatory disease that affects the lining of the nose and the inflammation is triggered or even aggravated by contact with allergens such as dust mites, pollen, perfume and etc. Symptoms are usually nasal obstruction, runny nose, itchy nose and sneezing.

Sinusitis

Inflammation of the sinus mucosa, a region of the skull formed by bony cavities around the nose, cheeks and eyes. The causes of this inflation can be infectious or allergic processes which can facilitate the installation of germs causing headache and facial pain, congestion and nasal discharge as symptoms. Laryngitis: corresponds to inflammation of the larynx organ that is located in the throat and connects the pharynx to the trachea. Among the causes are viral infection of the upper airways, excessive vocal effort or even the reaction or inhalation of allergic agents. Its main symptom is hoarseness of the voice and there may also be cough and sore throat.

Pharyngitis

Is a respiratory infection that causes inflammation of the pharynx which is the back of the throat responsible for connecting the nose and mouth to the larynx and esophagus. Among the causes of this infection are bacteria and viruses, the main symptoms of which are sore throat and difficulty swallowing.

Bronchitis

The bronchi are tubular structures that take the air to the lungs, bronchitis is the inflammation of these and occurs when the cilia that line the inside of the bronchi do not eliminate mucus properly causing an accumulation of secretion, causing the inflammation and contraction of the bronchi . Its main symptom is cough. 

Asthma

Asthma causes the narrowing of the bronchioles, which are the small air channels in the lungs, making it difficult for air to pass, causing contractions or bronchospasm. When inflammation occurs, bronchioles accumulate mucus, aggravating the problem. The most common symptoms of asthma are shortness of breath and a dry cough. Although they are common diseases, treatment for each of these diseases must be established and monitored by specialized doctors. Self-medication can not only be ineffective to treat the condition, it can also worsen the condition.

In addition to adequate treatment, redoubling care in drier and colder times that can favor the onset of these diseases, helps in preventing crises.

Among the precautions are: 

  • Drink plenty of water at least 2 liters of water per day to keep the body hydrated, which includes the airways;
  • Perform nasal cleaning at least twice a day with saline;
  • Change bed linen weekly;
  • Avoid the use of carpets in the house and in the case of carpeted environments and upholstered furniture, clean with bactericidal solutions;
  • Avoid contact with plush toys by keeping them in vacuum packaging after proper cleaning;
  • Avoid closed environments and agglomerations;
  • Keep the house clean and the environments always ventilated in order to allow ventilation and sunlight, avoiding the formation of fungi;
  • Avoid smoking, especially indoors;
  • Practice physical activities before 10am and after 4pm when the weather is less dry.
Nutrition